Treatments & Procedures
Learn more about the advanced brain and neuro treatments and procedures provided by Fountain Valley Regional Hospital and Medical Center. Our experienced, expert surgeons, neurologists and staff are dedicated to restoring your health through customized treatment and rehabilitation plans.
Below, you’ll discover some common treatments for brain and neurological conditions.
Carotid artery endarterectomy
This procedure is performed in order to prevent strokes in those who have been diagnosed with carotid artery disease. Carotid artery disease is a buildup of plaque in the two larger arteries found on both sides of the neck.
This diagnostic test is an X-ray of the brain's blood vessels. It can be used to evaluate conditions such as aneurysms and stenosis.
Cerebral aneurysm repair (coiling/clipping)
A brain aneurysm is surgically repaired by coiling or clipping to correct a weakening blood vessel and prevent bleeding into the brain. Clipping is the most common form of repair and coiling is a less invasive way to treat a brain aneurysm.
Fusion surgery is a procedure that joins two of more of the vertebrae in the neck or spine. This procedure is designed to help stop neck or back pain.
Complex tumor of the skull base
Skull base tumors grow at the bottom of the brain and near the skull. Their growth can cause significant problems including hearing loss, dizziness, vision loss and more.
This procedure is the surgical removal of part of the skull in order to expose the brain. The piece of bone is removed during surgery and replaced at the end of the procedure.
Deep brain stimulation
This procedure involves planting electrodes in certain areas of the brain. These electrodes produce electrical impulses that help to regulate irregular brain activity.
A surgical procedure used on individuals with herniated disks. During surgery, the damaged portion of the disk is removed.
This particular surgery is a procedure designed to reduce back pain. During surgery, vertebrae are replaced with an artificial device — much like knee or hip replacement surgery.
Epistaxis treatment via embolization
In layman's terms, epistaxis is a nose bleed. Embolization can be used to treat nose bleeds placing a material within the bleeding vessel to block it.
This procedure is a type of decompression surgery. During surgery, the portion of the back covering the nerve roots is widened to reduce pressure on the spinal column.
Also be referred to as a slipped or ruptured disk, a herniation occurs when the softer portion of the disk pushes through the tough exterior of the vertebrae.
Intra-arterial t-PA for acute stroke
In the event of a stroke, time is crucial. Intra-arterial t-PA involves inserting a thin, flexible catheter into an artery in the groin and guiding it up to the area of the brain clot to pull the clot out of the brain.
Intracranial vascular malformations
Intercranial vascular malformations are abnormally large veins in the brain. These malformations are usually diagnosed after a brain aneurysm.
Also referred to as decompression surgery, a laminectomy removes the lamina — or back part of the vertebrae that covers the spinal canal. The aim of this surgery is to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
Mechanical thrombectomy for acute stroke
Used as a treatment for acute stroke, mechanical thrombectomy is a medical therapy. This procedure is the only one of its kind approved in the United States that actually removes the clot.
Movement disorder treatment
The treatment of movement disorders can vary from patient to patient. For some patients, medicine can adequately control the conditions and for others, treating the underlying cause of disease can help stop the condition.
Pain management is very important in long-term pain control, especially in those with chronic or long-term illness. Pain management physicians make an assessment and offer a treatment plan to help control pain.
Peripheral nerve surgery
Peripheral nerves are cord-like structures containing nerve fibers that carry information from the body to the spinal cord. If the nerves become injured, chronic pelvic pain may occur. Recovery from an injury to the peripheral nerves can be a long one; surgery is sometimes encouraged to help repair the nerves.
Pituitary/brain tumor resection
Pituitary and brain tumors are resected through a surgical procedure. The tumor is removed as well as some of the surrounding tissue; in the case of pituitary tumors, some can be removed through the nose.
Preoperative embolization of head/neck tumors
Many tumors in the head and neck have a large supply of blood. Preoperative embolization can block off the supply of blood to the tumor, making surgery much less risky.
Seizure work-up and treatment
Metabolic and drug screening as well as a neurology workout are performed on patients presenting with their first seizure. Treatment may not be required for all seizure patients, but many will be placed on anti-seizure medications.
Spinal fusions and decompression
Fusion surgery is a procedure that joins two of more of the vertebrae in the neck or spine. Decompression surgery works to reduce pressure on the spinal nerves.
Spinal vascular malformation
Also known as AVM, spinal vascular malformation is a rare and abnormal tangling of the blood vessels at the end of the spinal cord. Untreated AVM can lead to permanent spinal cord damage.
Stenting and angioplasty
An angioplasty procedure is often combined with stenting in order to open clogged heart arteries. A stent is placed in order to help keep the arteries open and reduce the risk of them becoming clogged again.
Treatment for brain abscess/infection
The treatment of a brain abscess varies from case to case; doctors order a CT scan in order to determine the size of the abscess. Once size is determined, medication and/or surgery are used to treat the infection.
Trigeminal neuralgia surgery
TN is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal (5th cranial) nerve. Surgery can be performed to damaged nerve fibers so that pain can be blocked.
Vaculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels. The immune system attacks the blood vessels causing thickening, weakening, scarring and narrowing.
Fountain Valley can connect you with a physician in your area.
Call (855) 226-3744 or use our Find A Physician tool
to connect with a neurosurgeon who can help answer your questions.
You can also read more about diseases and conditions in our Health Library.