Diseases & Conditions
Diseases and conditions of the hand and wrist that we may treat
Information is the key to helping you get better and get back to your normal life. At Fountain Valley Regional Hospital and Medical Center, we stay current with the latest orthopedic diseases and conditions, and make sure that information is available to you.
Millions of people have been diagnosed with some form of arthritis, a condition characterized by the inflammation or degeneration of joints, including the hand and wrist. Arthritis is often accompanied by stiffness, swelling and pain.
Biceps tendon injury
The biceps muscle is the strength behind every bend of the elbow and rotation of the forearm. It also keeps the shoulder stable. Injuries to the tendons that attach the biceps muscle to the bones can cause arm weakness and pain during the most routine and everyday activities.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
CTS is a common, sometimes sharply painful condition in which burning, tingling and pain are felt in selected fingers and the hand. CTS is brought on by increased pressure on the median nerve at the wrist. The swelling and pressure is caused by a variety of things, from injury to mechanical joint problems.
Congenital hand defects
Congenital hand defects or deformities are anomalies in the hand that are present at birth. While genetics may cause some deformities, others are without cause. Defects range widely in their impact on the appearance and function of hands. Many can be addressed with reconstructive surgery.
Cubital tunnel syndrome
This syndrome can cause severe pain, numbness, tingling and weakness in the hand and arms, brought on by excessive or repetitive elbow use. It is caused by pressure on the nerve in the elbow, arm or wrist. Treatments can range from merely limiting use to surgery, depending on the case.
De Quervain’s tenosynovitis
De Quervain's tenosynovitis is also referred to as stenosing tenosynovitis. It occurs when tendons near the base of the thumb are irritated or constricted and cause pain when the patient makes a fist or turns the wrist. Repetitive gripping motions such as gardening, golf, racket sports and even video gaming can aggravate this injury.
Dislocations of the elbow, finger and wrist are very painful injuries that occur when the bones are moved out of their proper jointed position. Injuries are usually caused by a fall or trauma, and can result in pain, swelling and the inability to properly bend or move the hand, wrist and arm.
A hand deformity that usually develops over many years, this condition affects a layer of skin under the palm. Knots of tissue form under the skin, pulling one or more fingers – usually the ring or little fingers – into a bent position.
These are the most common injuries to the hand, as fingertips are very vulnerable to cuts, tears or crushing injuries that damage the nail, skin, bone or other soft tissue. Because fingers are rich with nerves and very sensitive, injuries can disrupt the function of the entire hand.
Fractures of the elbow, hand and wrist occur when the arm or hand is bent with enough force to snap the bone. These injuries are usually caused by a fall or traumatic blow and will result in severe pain, swelling and loss of movement.
The most common cause of lumps or masses in the hand, often on the back of the wrist, these cysts are fluid-filled sacs that likely result from a weakness of the joint capsule, ligaments or tendon sheaths. Those that are painful and interfere with function or appearance may require treatment.
Commonly known as tennis elbow, lateral epicondylitis is caused by overuse – often by tennis and other racquet-sports players. The tendons that join the forearm are inflamed from overuse, causing pain and tenderness over the outside of the bone.
This direct-trauma injury is to the extensor tendon in the tip of the finger, which is responsible for straightening it. Often a ball or unyielding object strikes the finger and forces it to bend farther than normal, and the finger is not able to straighten on its own.
These occur often in the hand, since the hand and fingers are filled with an intricate network of nerves used for feeling, gripping and movement. Damage to nerves can result in loss of function and skill as well as pain. Nerves are damaged by hard or crushing impact on the hand.
Osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow occurs when a portion of the bone or cartilage is cut off from the blood supply. This creates a dead area of the elbow, resulting in painful locking and popping of the elbow as well as swelling or tenderness. This condition is usually found in youths ages 10-18.
Sprains and strains
Sprains and strains occur when the ligaments that connect one bone to the other are stretched or torn, usually as the result of a fall or awkward motion that overextends or ruptures the ligaments. They are common in sports, but can occur during the course of any physical activity.
Tendons are the fibers that connect muscle to bone. Tendons in the wrist, finger and elbow areas can become injured, inflamed or even torn through falls or sudden traumatic events. But injuries also often occur over time through misuse or overuse.
Triangular fibrocartilage complex injuries (TFCC)
These injuries impact the little-finger side of the wrist. TFCC stabilizes the bone in the wrist and acts also to stabilize its movement. The wrist can be injured in a fall or sudden impact to an outstretched hand, resulting in pain, swelling and lack of movement.
A common name for stenosing tenosynovitis, this is a condition in which the sheath that surrounds the tendons in the finger become inflamed. The finger or thumb is trapped in a bent position. People who grip items repetitively have a higher risk for developing trigger finger.
Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury
Many throwing athletes suffer from UCL injuries, as sprains, injuries and repetitive throwing motions often inflame or even cause small tears within the ligament. The UCL is located on the inside of the elbow.
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Call (855) 226-3744 or use our Find A Physician tool
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You can also read more about diseases and conditions in our Health Library